We all know that breastmilk is the best food that can be offered to a newborn or infant during the first months of life. It is a complete food that provides all the nutrients it needs to grow and develop. Among its benefits, we can mention that it is free, is always prepared and at the ideal temperature and fosters attachment bond between mother and baby. In addition, it has proven positive effects on your health, as it reduces the incidence and / or severity of multiple infections (gastroenteritis, respiratory infections, otitis, bacteremia, meningitis and urinary infections, among others) and protects against sudden death syndrome , Diabetes, Crohn’s disease, lymphoma, and other relevant immunological and allergic diseases especially in infants who are just beginning to cope with life.
The Breastfeeding also has benefits for the mother because it reduces the risk of postpartum hemorrhage, promotes uterine contractions and reduces the risk of breast cancer and ovarian premenopausal. It is important to emphasize that every mother is able to breastfeed her child, although it is true that the first few days can be difficult for both the mother and the child, but with enthusiasm, patience and good advice, Achieve a very satisfactory breastfeeding in most cases.
For all these many advantages we have named, it is important to extend breastfeeding as long as possible, at least on an exclusive basis for the first six months. There are some tips we can take into account to achieve successful breastfeeding.
General recommendations for successful breastfeeding:
Breastfeeding should be started as soon as possible, ie putting the baby to the breast in the delivery room or during the first hour of life: it is the moment when the newborn is more awake, with a reflex or vigorous sucking instinct, before To sink into a deep sleep. It is important because it favors the learning of the newborn and because it stimulates the rise of milk.
1) Breastfeeding exclusively with breast milk should be attempted to be maintained until the sixth month, although it is beneficial to breastfeed for whatever duration of lactation, but to maximize its effects, it is important to feed exclusively breastfed to the Six months and continue at least until the year of age. From this age, you should also introduce other nutrients recommended according to the pediatrician.
2) Having an infinite patience, patience is, I believe, one of the fundamental pillars of successful breastfeeding. Any inconvenience can be overcome with positive attitude and love.
3) Correct posture: the child should have an open mouth about 180 °, everted lips, and should cover the entire areola with the mouth. It is not advisable to make the clamp with the fingers so that more milk comes out since in fact you only manage to obstruct some ducts. The child should be placed so that the nipple is at the level of the nose or upper lip. Then, the child approaches the chest (not the other way around). The conventional stance is that in which the mother’s belly and the child’s touch (ask for advice to learn others).
4) Frequency and duration of the shots: we recommend to nurse on demand. This means that you should breastfeed whenever you claim it. A newborn does not have a schedule, but little by little he will take up the habit of time. To facilitate this adaptation, it is recommended that the child spends as much time as possible with the mother, beginning with the stay in the clinic. There are very quiet children (few) who sleep soundly and do not ask to eat. In these cases, it is recommended to wake them every 3-4 hours to offer them the chest.
5) Feed on demand: the watch does not support good breastfeeding. Giving on demand means doing it without schedules, even at night. Little by little the baby will establish his own feeding rhythm with more regular intervals. The baby may be hungry at the end of a feeding or feel like receiving the mother’s warmth from sleep, cold, discomfort, irritability. Remember that the tip is food, but also comfort. In general, the duration of the shots is variable and is determined by the response of the newborn.
6)Do not use a pacifier the first few weeks: the use of tests is discouraged at least until the breastfeeding has been established. The suction of the test is different to the suction of the nipple and this could confuse the baby.
7) A proper posture: if the baby is not well placed to the breast will cost more to get the milk running the risk of getting tired of trying. The key is to get the baby as close to the breast as possible by placing the baby’s belly with his mother and making sure that most of the breast areola is inside the baby’s mouth.
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8) Tips during the shot: the fat concentration is higher at the end of the shot. Therefore, it is important to let the infant completely empty one breast before giving the other. It is recommended to always start shots starting with alternate breasts. If you finish in the previous shot with the left, you will have to start the next one by the right, and so on. It is not advisable to offer the bottle after the breast just to check if you have been hungry, as there are children in great need of suction that would take the bottle without being hungry
9) The mother’s diet should be healthy and varied: there are no contraindicated foods and it is advisable to ingest a lot of liquid (water, natural juices, and milk).
These are some of the guidelines that must be taken into account for a successful and successful breastfeeding and is that breast milk is the first natural food for children, provides all the energy and nutrients they need during their first months of life and Continues to provide at least half of their nutritional needs during the second half of the first year and up to a third during the second year of life.