Characteristics and types of wooden floors

wooden floors

Wood for floors is a hard and resistant substance, so wooden floors are a good option when decorating or building a home. The wooden floors give warmth and elegance to a home, besides protecting from the cold and maintaining a temperate climate inside the rooms.

The wooden floors have been used for a long time to decorate a house; its composition, model, texture, and colors allow satisfying different needs and pockets. Thanks to the new treatments that have been given to wooden floors, they can also be installed in bathrooms, or outdoors without suffering damage by moisture.

Nowadays, wooden floors are taking on greater importance than fences because of their easy installation and the “little” maintenance they require. In addition, the wooden floor can be installed on the original floor.

There are different types of wood floors that can be used for indoors or outdoors and can be divided into laminate flooring, engineered flooring, bamboo flooring, wood decks, vinyl flooring and solid wood flooring.

Next, we will explain the characteristics of each one of the wooden floors so that you know about its composition resistance and use.

Laminate flooring

Laminated floors are a model of a floor that is usually used for coating in commerce where there is little influx of people and for the interior of a residence. This floor is able to resist wear, stains, and discoloration.

Laminate flooring designs have the advantage of offering the benefits of wood and the strength of the laminate, in such a way that they provide safety, comfort, and elegance. The material of laminate floors in everywhere usually comes with a special coating and a bevel that reinforces the surface of the wooden frame.

These floors are not entirely made of wood; they are made up of different materials compressed under pressure. Most laminate floors have a layer that resists moisture, another made of fiberglass and a third layer that gives the appearance of wood.

Thanks to this composition, the laminate floor is easily cleaned and becomes resistant to corrosive substances and shock.

Some types of laminate floors also offer an acoustic panel that helps reduce sound, this can be of great benefit for certain types of businesses, in addition, they always provide the appearance of a floor made of hardwood.

Laminate flooring should not be placed in the entrance of a home or in a place where there is a lot of people moving. These floors do not resist humidity and need a certain thickness (8 mm.) To be able to support the weight of the furniture, without bending or buckling.

Engineering floors

wooden floors

Engineered floors are composed of several layers of wood, unlike laminate floors that are made with more synthetic materials. The great variety of designs and thicknesses that have the engineering floors allows giving them different uses.

This type of engineering floor has several layers of wood that have been pressed, the veins are placed in different directions to give greater hardness to the floor; It is worth mentioning that within the engineering floors different models are handled with different thicknesses and layers of wood.

Engineering floors can be used in areas such as ground floor, places with heating, and areas where there is a lot of humidity, this is possible thanks to the durability and resistance offered by this type of floor.

Bamboo floors

Bamboo floors usually have the same resistance as wooden floors; this is because bamboo is a plant with very thick and knotty stems that adapt to the drastic changes of the tropical climate (high humidity and high temperatures).

Bamboo, in addition to being resistant, has become a more sustainable alternative to wood for the short time it takes to grow back. This plant, thanks to its natural fibers, allows making strong, resistant and flexible bamboo floors

Another advantage of the bamboo floor is that its creation does not require resins or acids; the trunk is cut, smoothed, heated and dried for its manufacture. Bamboo floors usually have a pleasant appearance in its natural and charred version; they are an excellent option for any type of decoration.

Wooden decks

Decks are roofs that used to be installed inside homes, but because of their properties to withstand climate changes are now also used in outdoor spaces, gardens, terraces, pools, among others. A deck can be achieved with natural or composite properties.

The wood decks can be placed in places outdoors due to their natural properties; their wood composition allows that with a light treatment they can resist for a long time the weight of objects, people, and climatic shocks.

At the time of making a deck, extra materials are used, which often allow the floor to be maintained in good condition without the need to maintain it. The composite decks are available to the public in different textures and colors.

Another recommendation that can be carried out is to cover the deck floor with synthetic delivery, so, in addition to protecting it from the weather; you can give it a different view of the place.

Among the types of wood used in the creation of decks floors we can find: cedar, teak, mahogany, ipe, pine, incense, eucalyptus, lapacho, quebracho, timbó, there are even synthetic that provide an appearance similar to those made of natural wood. The conditioning that must have the wood is a great resistance to the humidity.

One more reason to consider decks for exteriors is that in their composition they come to use recyclable materials such as PET, polyethylene, polystyrene, plastics and wood fiber agglomerates.
The decks, being made mainly of wood, do not absorb so much the heat of the sun; this allows you to walk barefoot on the surface of the floor, avoiding the sensation of extreme heat on the sole of the foot.

Vinyl Floors

Vinyl floors are durable, inexpensive and often have a variety of designs and styles and textures. The vinyl floor is easily cleaned and contains a protective layer composed of urethane, which makes this floor ideal for rooms where there is a lot of humidity.

The vinyl floor has a useful life of approximately 25 years; this can vary depending on the maintenance given to the floor and the way in which the installation was made.

The components that form the vinyl floors are: polyvinyl chloride and plasticizers, these materials are as soft as flexible and allow an easy installation of the floor.

There are two ways to install the vinyl floor: loose and fixed; in the first, the floor is placed with a double-sided adhesive that will allow moving the vinyl when required; in the second, the vinyl floor has a one-sided adhesive that, when placed, will no longer be possible to detach.

The place in the house where the installation of vinyl floors is most common and recommended is in the kitchen and in the bathroom.

Solid wood floors

Solid wood floors can provide one of the most resistant floors for a home; give a very different finish to other floors because the veins tend to have unrepeatable patterns, which makes a table is never equal to another.

The solid wood floor is an excellent thermal and sound insulator has an important degree of elasticity and is recommended for any type of climate.

At the time of installation, the solid wood floors must be varnished, then they must spend a few days without being stepped on so as not to leave marks on them.

Another advantage of the solid floor is that during maintenance they can be restored, which lengthens the useful life of these floors.

Below we will give you some tips on how to take advantage of wooden floors for interior decoration.

wooden floors

Interior decoration and wood floors

Interior decoration is the way in which the elements that are used to decorate a space (house, apartment or office) are distributed and chosen. This is achieved by placing different objects and furniture trying to make the combination look harmonious.

When decorating a place, it has room for all kinds of objects that bring some aesthetic harmony to space: furniture, tapestries, paintings, plants, wooden floors, among others. The larger the element that is going to be placed, the more influence it will have to determine the style of decoration that is desired.

At this point the wooden floors take great importance in interior decorations because being an element that covers such an extensive area within a place; they become one of the main references to determine the style of decoration.

According to the color, texture, and patterns of the floors, you can choose the color of the walls, the type of furniture that will decorate the place, the lamps, curtains, etc.

The main objective of interior decoration will always be to create a space that is consistent with the lifestyle of people, which is functional and aesthetic.

Floors for patios, decoration to the outside

The floors for courtyards are often used to cover spaces with pool, terrace or in areas to place grills. When installing them, it is recommended to use something decorative but durable, for example, decks or pavers. Marble is not used because it is useless in open spaces, due to its rapid deterioration when exposed to the elements.

Employing ceramic floors for the exterior is also not suitable. This type of floor is often damaged by the flow of people or the weight of the cars, in the end, the ceramic ends fractured or in poor condition.

The best option in outdoor floors are the decks since they are specially manufactured to withstand climate changes, are easy to install and have a much longer life than other types of materials. In addition, most have protection for UV rays.

In large gardens, the use of treated wood floors has increased, not only because of how practical they are but also because of the harmony and warmth they offer to open spaces. Rooms are built where families can spend a pleasant afternoon, or even go out to read or eat in their garden.

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